ENRRA is firmly and fully committed to Safety, Security, Safeguards, Emergency and Liability for all peaceful applications of atomic energy
The Arab Republic of Egypt promulgated the Egyptian Law on Regulation of Nuclear and Radiation Activities no. (7) of 2010 on March 29th, 2010 (the Law) and its amendment by Law no. (211) of 2017 on November 29th, 2017. The prime minister promulgated the executive regulation of the law in 2011. The Law covers safety, security, safeguards, emergency, and liability for all peaceful applications of atomic energy and radiation activities. The Law established an independent regulatory body to monitor all nuclear and radiation facilities, activities and practices known as: “Egyptian Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority (ENRRA)”, having a public juridical personality, reporting to the Prime Minister, having an independent budget and being centrally located in Cairo.
ENRRA was established on March 5th, 2012. ENRRA is entrusted with regulatory and control functions for safety, security, and safeguards related to the nuclear and radiation fields.
To be a distinguished regulatory authority on the national, regional and international levels for nuclear and radiation safety, nuclear security and safeguards.
The Authority shall carry out all regulatory and control works related to the nuclear or radiation activities, including to ensure that atomic energy is used for the peaceful purposes and to ensure the safety and protection of humans, property and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation.
by having the knowledge, abilities and skills required:
- Competence by having the knowledge, abilities and skills required.
- Integrity through trustworthiness and conformity of words with deeds.
- Objectivity by handling facts honestly without concealment of information or use of misleading facts.
- Honesty by acting in accordance with methods of work characterized by transparency and freedom from deception.
- Courage by choosing the proper method of work whatever its difficulty.
- Equality by treating all persons equitably in accordance with rules and regulations.
ENRRA’s main objective is protecting humans, property, and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. In pursuing this objective, ENRRA’s policy includes:
- Recognizing the priority of nuclear and radiation safety without being influenced by economic or any other aspects,
- Relying on national legislation, international standards and expertise, as well as national and international best practices in implementing its duties,
- Ensuring transparency and credibility of the information related to nuclear and radiological activities to strengthen the confidence of the public, media, and other stakeholders,
- Working on establishing an honest and open dialogue with licensees in light of respect, mutual understanding and constructive dialogue, and maintaining close ties with the relevant competent authorities and the relevant regional and international authorities and organizations,
- Working on the development of its practices and its competent performance and improvement of the nuclear and radiological regulatory requirements and guides in the fields of nuclear and radiation safety, nuclear security, and nuclear safeguards,
- Working to meet the needs of all employees, which enable them to perform their duties effectively and efficiently,
- Taking decisions independently, objectively and fully in accordance with national legislation and the public interest,
- Working on the implementation of corrective measures against violation of national legislation and following up with measures within the limits stipulated in the legislation, and working on the imposition of enforcement penalties and sanctions, only after all other means have been exhausted,
- Working on enhancing, supporting, and developing the capabilities of ENRRA staff with updated science and technology related to nuclear and radiation safety, nuclear security, and nuclear safeguards, and through integrated cooperation with independent international and national technical support organizations (TSOs) in these fields.
ENRRA Duties & Responsibilities
ENRRA shall carry out all regulatory and control works related to nuclear and radiation activities using atomic energy for peaceful purposes, to ensure the safety and protection of humans, property and the environment from the harmful effects of ionizing radiation. Towards effective achievement of its mandate, ENRRA has the necessary power to carry out, in particular, the following:
- Issuing, amending, suspending, renewing, revoking and terminating all types of licenses of nuclear and radiation facilities and activities, in addition to the personal licenses issued to the users of ionizing radiation, in accordance with the Law (as amended) and its Executive Regulations,
- Administrative closure of places using ionizing radiation in violation of the provisions of the Law (as amended) and its Executive Regulations and decisions issued to implement them.
- Issuing decisions and rules binding on the licenses – when necessary – to support and ensure safe and secure practices, without conflict with the conditions of the granted license.
- Obtaining all documents, instruments and information relevant to ENRRA’s functions from persons in charge of nuclear and radiation facilities and activities, under ENRRA’s control and guarantees the confidentiality of such documents, instruments and information.
- Carrying out control and regulatory functions, including:
- Reviewing and assessing safety analysis, including reports submitted by the license-applicant and issuing related decisions in accordance with Law (as amended) and its Executive Regulations,
- Conducting regulatory inspection on all nuclear and radioactive practices and facilities at all stages,
- Setting out rules that regulate the long-term planning for radioactive waste management sites and storage of spent nuclear fuel and practicing control of these sites.
- Practicing regulatory and control functions in the field of planning, preparedness and response to nuclear and radiation emergencies, as specified in the Law (as amended), its Executive Regulations and decisions executing them.
- Informing the public about the regulatory process of nuclear and radiation activities, setting means and procedures to involve the public, ensuring necessary procedures are taken to disseminate nuclear safety and security culture and providing the public with any required information about the status of nuclear and radiation safety in the area of their residence unless this information is confidential by nature.
- Coordinating with other governmental and non-governmental bodies (stakeholders) competent in fields related to the work of ENRRA.
- Liaison with regulatory and control bodies in foreign countries and international organizations to promote cooperation and exchange of regulatory and control functions.
- Setting regulations related to justified activities that involve radioactive sources used in food and drinks irradiation, in the cosmetics industry and in any other goods for human consumption.
- Setting regulations related to permissible radioactivity radiation levels in case of import, production or export of any food stuff or other product related to human consumption.
- Inspecting sites wherein or whereby products or services related to nuclear and radiation safety are supplied in accordance with relevant regulations.
- Seeking the advice and assistance of international and consultancy agencies or TSOs, consultants or universities to support and develop ENRRA’s regulatory functions, in accordance with relevant regulations.
- Setting regulations to commit operators to conduct nuclear and radiation safety assessment including safety re-assessment processes or regular safety review, during the operational lifetime of nuclear facilities.
- Advising on draft laws related to nuclear and radiation activities,
- Issuing quarterly reports on the national situation concerning radiation to the public and publishing them in the official gazette, media and press,
- Reporting any breach of provisions of the Law (as amended) and its Executive Regulations.
- Establishing the permissible levels of radio nuclides releases to the environment from nuclear and radiation facilities.
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Egyptian Nuclear and Radiological Regulatory Authority (ENRRA)
3 Ahmed El-Zomor Street, El-Zohoor District, Nasr City, 11762 Cairo. P.O.Box: 7551
Fax: (+202) 22740238 Tel.: (+202) 22728829
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